“Ceasing to repeat is to die: this is true for individual organisms, for genes and species, for cultures and languages. Yet repetition without renewal is also a kind of death…”
– Richard Middleton
"Repetition changes nothing in the object repeated, but does change something in the mind which contemplates it."
– David Hume
The second issue of another pamphlet will consider the possibilities of repetition - to order, to interrogate, to produce, to reveal, to obfuscate, and to change. As an underlying principal of the industrial age, repetition has informed and organized much of the modern world. The disciplines of music, literature, art, economics, manufacturing, trade, politics, and history (to name only the most obvious) have all been affected by the instrumental power of repetition. Repetition is concerned with the formal (serial, anti-compositional, emergent), the socio-political (productive, ordered, egalitarian, totalitarian), the temporal (cyclical, psychological, historical, evolutionary), and the semiotic (structural, indexical, coded). Repetition is fundamentally boring and profound, containing the paradoxical capacity to produce both “more of the same” and radical difference.